Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:
“An Israeli man asked another Israeli to lend him one thousand Dinars. The second man required witnesses. The former replied, ‘Allah is sufficient as a witness.’ The second said, ‘I want a surety.’ The former replied, ‘Allah is sufficient as a surety.’ The second said, ‘You are right,’ and lent him the money for a certain period. The debtor went across the sea. When he finished his job, he searched for a conveyance so that he might reach in time for the repayment of the debt, but he could not find any. So, he took a piece of wood and made a hole in it, inserted in it one thousand Dinars and a letter to the lender and then closed (i.e. sealed) the hole tightly. He took the piece of wood to the sea and said. ‘O Allah! You know well that I took a loan of one thousand Dinars from so-and-so. He demanded a surety from me but I told him that Allah’s Guarantee was sufficient and he accepted Your guarantee. He then asked for a witness and I told him that Allah was sufficient as a Witness, and he accepted You as a Witness. No doubt, I tried hard to find a conveyance so that I could pay his money but could not find, so I hand over this money to You.’ Saying that, he threw the piece of wood into the sea till it went out far into it, and then he went away. Meanwhile he started searching for a conveyance in order to reach the creditor’s country.
One day the lender came out of his house to see whether a ship had arrived bringing his money, and all of a sudden he saw the piece of wood in which his money had been deposited. He took it home to use for fire. When he sawed it, he found his money and the letter inside it. Shortly after that, the debtor came bringing one thousand Dinars to him and said, ‘By Allah, I had been trying hard to get a boat so that I could bring you your money, but failed to get one before the one I have come by.’ The lender asked, ‘Have you sent something to me?’ The debtor replied, ‘I have told you I could not get a boat other than the one I have come by.’ The lender said, ‘Allah has delivered on your behalf the money you sent in the piece of wood. So, you may keep your one thousand Dinars and depart guided on the right path.’ ”
Islam teaches us that all people are equal against God. Allah tells in the Quran:
13. O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allāh is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allāh is Knowing and Acquainted. (Holy Quran 49:13)
Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) says:
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over a black nor a black has any superiority over a white – except by piety and good action. (Ahmed)
Morals of Islam
Christians think that Muslims believe that all the Bible is false. That’s why when Muslims cite the Bible to prove that Prophet Muhammad was foretold in the Bible or that Jesus is not God, Christians may ask: if you don’t believe in the Bible, why do you cite it? In other cases, they may cite what the Quran tells about the Torah being sent to Moses or the Gospel sent to Jesus or the Psalms sent to David. Christians use these verses to say that the Quran is actually saying that the Torah and Gospels are true. This is because they don’t understand how Muslims believe in the books of Jews and Christians.
Prophet Muhammad tells us neither to believe the people of the book nor to disbelieve in them. If it is false, Muslims won’t confirm it, and if it is true, then Muslims won’t deny it. The Quran actually acknowledges some truth in the Bible as stoning the adulterer and that it tells that an eye for an eye and tooth for a tooth. It also tells many stories of the prophets which in many cases resemble the stories of the prophets in the Bible. On the other hand, the Quran disagrees with the Bible when it says that God rested after He created the Heaven and Earth. The Quran disagrees with the Bible when it says that Aaron ordered the Israelites to worship the calf. Muslims believe that God Almighty doesn’t rest or repent. Muslims believe that prophets are sent from God to teach people about Him, so they should be an ideal model so that people follow them. If the prophet was worshiping idols or if he was an adulterer or a liar, then people won’t have any incentive to obey God.
We as Muslims believe that the Bible as any other previous book or any apocryphal book may contain truth and falsehood. The case is that the previous books sent from God were subject to interpolations either by addition or omission or replacement. This caused the books present now to be distorted where truth is mixed with falsehood. God sent the Quran as the final pure word of God as a judge on the previous books since it contains the absolute truth.
A question is raised here; isn’t God able to protect his books? For sure God is able to protect His books, but God didn’t promise the Jews and Christians to protect their books. On the other hand, God ordered the Jews to keep their books, neither to add or to omit. A promise is different from an order. If God promised to protect a book, then no one can change a letter from it. But if God ordered people to keep the book, then people may obey God and may disobey Him. For example, God ordered Israelites not to worship idols, but many of them did. God ordered the Israelites to keep their book, but they disobeyed God. This is not the case of the Quran where God promised to protect it since it is the final book sent from God that contains the absolute truth and whom all people should follow till the end of days. This is simply the belief of Muslims in the Bible.
One of the most famous points of debate between Muslims and Christians is the nature of Jesus. Is Jesus God? To answer this question, we must refer to what Jesus himself said, as no one knows about Jesus more than what he knows about himself.
In the Gospel of John, verse 17:3, Jesus was clear in showing that the Father is the only true God. This is a clear proof that Jesus is not God. Christians believe that the Father is not Jesus as they are two different persons although they are one God. Actually those who believed that the Father is the son were a heretic sect that appeared in the third century. So if Jesus is not the Father, and the Father is the only true God, the conclusion will be that Jesus is not God.
This is what Jesus understood, he tells that he is a man telling the truth he heard from God. He frequently calls himself the son of man. This proves that Jesus is not God, since the Old Testament never said that God shall become a man. On the other hand, it tells in Numbers 23:19 that God is neither a man nor the son of man. If Jesus is God, didn’t he know what the Old Testament says?
But was Jesus asked this question? Did anyone accuse him of saying that he is God? Yes, the Jews did it. Jesus answered them and denied that he is God. When he was asked that question by the Jews in John 10:33, he quoted Psalm 82:6, which tells that some mere men in the Old Testament were called gods and sons of God. Did anyone believe that Psalm 82:6 is a blasphemy? No. Did anyone believe that these people were God the Creator? No. So why did the Jews consider calling Jesus son of God a blasphemy? This is simply proving that calling Jesus the son of God is the same as calling these people gods and sons of God. Both are not taken literally. This is a clear denial by Jesus that he is God.
Jesus never said that he can do anything by his own power, but he was always referring to the Father’s power. Jesus said that he doesn’t know the hour, only the Father knows it. He even needed an angel to strengthen him. God doesn’t need His creatures. Jesus says that the Father is greater than him. He is simply denying that he is equal to God. So how do we say that Jesus is God?
Jesus says : I am not God
Did Jesus really say I am God?
gives us a guarantee to if we were on the right way leading to Heaven. says in the:
9. Allāh has promised those who believe and do righteous deeds [that] for them there is forgiveness and great reward. (Holy Quran 5:9)
But we can’t guarantee that we shall stay on the right way, that’s why Muslims pray to Allah 17 times a day saying:
6. Guide us to the straight path –
7. The path of those upon whom You have bestowed favor, not of those who have evoked [Your] anger or of those who are astray. (Holy Quran 1:6-7)
Does Islam Give a Guarantee to Heaven?