One of the most famous points of debate between Muslims and Christians is the nature of Jesus. Is Jesus God? To answer this question, we must refer to what Jesus himself said, as no one knows about Jesus more than what he knows about himself.
In the Gospel of John, verse 17:3, Jesus was clear in showing that the Father is the only true God. This is a clear proof that Jesus is not God. Christians believe that the Father is not Jesus as they are two different persons although they are one God. Actually those who believed that the Father is the son were a heretic sect that appeared in the third century. So if Jesus is not the Father, and the Father is the only true God, the conclusion will be that Jesus is not God.
This is what Jesus understood, he tells that he is a man telling the truth he heard from God. He frequently calls himself the son of man. This proves that Jesus is not God, since the Old Testament never said that God shall become a man. On the other hand, it tells in Numbers 23:19 that God is neither a man nor the son of man. If Jesus is God, didn’t he know what the Old Testament says?
But was Jesus asked this question? Did anyone accuse him of saying that he is God? Yes, the Jews did it. Jesus answered them and denied that he is God. When he was asked that question by the Jews in John 10:33, he quoted Psalm 82:6, which tells that some mere men in the Old Testament were called gods and sons of God. Did anyone believe that Psalm 82:6 is a blasphemy? No. Did anyone believe that these people were God the Creator? No. So why did the Jews consider calling Jesus son of God a blasphemy? This is simply proving that calling Jesus the son of God is the same as calling these people gods and sons of God. Both are not taken literally. This is a clear denial by Jesus that he is God.
Jesus never said that he can do anything by his own power, but he was always referring to the Father’s power. Jesus said that he doesn’t know the hour, only the Father knows it. He even needed an angel to strengthen him. God doesn’t need His creatures. Jesus says that the Father is greater than him. He is simply denying that he is equal to God. So how do we say that Jesus is God?